Please like us on facebook page for latest update ( https://www.facebook.com/pbexam. You can comment us if any doubt about answer) Please do not copy content without permission

History of Punjab – Punjab GK-II

26

Friends, below is the list of important points of History of Punjab – Punjab GK-II. Previous post related to Geography of Punjab and Different Places – Punjab GK – I. 

Link of Punjab GK-I – Punjab GK – I

The 10 Gurus – Sikh History

Guru Nanak Dev Ji – 1469-1539
Father / Mother Name – Mehta Kalu / Mata Tripta
Birth Place – Talwandi Rai Boi(Pakistan) also known as Nankana Sahib
City Founder – Kartarpur
Sons – Baba Sri Chand and Baba Lakhmi Chand
Compilation – Jap JI Sahi, Sidh Gosh, Sodar, Asa di war, Patti Barahmaha, Arti Onkar, Malar & Madge
Jyoti Jot Place – Kartarpur
Wife – Sulakhani Ji

Guru Angad Dev Ji – 1504-1539-1552
Place of Birth – Mate ki Saranh
Orignal Name- Bhai Lehna
Father / Mother Name – Pheru Mal Ji / Daya Kaur Ji
City Founded – Khadur Sahib
Children – Dassu Ji, Dattu Ji, Bibi Amro Ji and Alakhni Ji
Wife – Khivi Ji
Compilation – Janam Sakhi (Biography of Guru Nanak Dev Ji)
Establish Mal Akhara – For Physical and Spritual Excercise
Introduce Gurmukhi Script

Guru Amardas Ji – 1479-1552-1574
Place of Birth – Basarke
City Founded – Govindwal Sahib
Introduced the Anand Karaj marriage ceremony for the Sikhs
Start Manjhi System and Made a ‘Boali’ in Govindwal

Guru Ram Das Ji – 1534-1574-1581
Place of Birth – Chuna Mandi (Pakistan)
Wife – Bhani Ji (Daughter of Guru Amardas Ji)
Founded City – Amritsar (Also known as Chak Ramdas, Guru Ka Chak, Ramdapura)
Compilation – Lavan
Note – Mian Mir to laid the foundation stone of the Harmandir Sahib

Guru Arjun Dev Ji – 1563-1581-1606
Father / Mother Name – Guru Ram Das/Bhani Ji
Children – Hargobind Sahi Ji
Compilation – Sukhmani Sahib, Adhi Granth, Barahmaha, Bavan Akhri
Introduce ‘Masand System’(Representative of guru ji at different places)
City Founded – Tarantaran, Kartarpur(India)
Started Dasvandh (Langar Conribution/ 1/10 part of income)
Guru ji became the first great martyr in Sikh history when Emperor Jahangir ordered his execution.

Guru Hargobind ji – 1595-1606-1644
City Founded – Kritpur Sahib (Ropar)
Introduce concept of ‘Miri’ And ‘Piri’
Miri – Temporal Power / Piri – Spiritual Power
Constructed Akhal Takht and Lohagarh Fort at Amritsar
First saint soldierin sikh history

GuruHar Rai Ji – 1630-1644-1661(Grandson of Guru Hargobind)
Founded – Ayurvadic medicine center (Kirtpur Sahib)
Guru Ji gave treatment to Dara Saikhon

Guru Har krishan Ji – 1656-1661-1664
Youngest Guru (age of five)

Guru Teg Bahadur – 1621-1665-1675
Father / Mother Name – Guru Hargobind ji/ Nanki Ji
Wife – Gujri
Children – Guru Gobind Singh Ji
Place of Birth – Amritsar
City Founded – Anandpur Sahib
*Guru Ji was executed on the order of Aurangzeb at chandni chowk Dehli, Now Gurudwara Sheesh Ganj at this place
*Guru Ji Body was taken be Lakhi Vanjara and cremated at place. Now become Gurudwara Rakab Ganj
*Guru Ji Sheesh was taken away by Bhai Jaita, Who brought back Guru Ji head Anandppur Sahib

Guru Gobind Singh Ji – 1666-1675-1708
Place of Birth – Patna
City Founded – Patna Sahib
Jyoti Jot Place – 1708, Nanden
Compilation – Jap Sahib, Akal Ustat, Chopai, War Shri Bhagoti, Vachitar Natak, Charitra, Chobis Avtar and Chadi di war (In punjabi)

Some Fact about Guru Gabind Singh Ji
Built Anandgarh Fort at Anandpur
Wrote “Zafarnamah” letter to Aurangzeb
Establish Khalasa Panth in 1699 at Anandpur Sahib

Panj Piyare

Original Name From Profession Shaheedi Place
Daya Ram Lahore Shopkeeper Nanded
Dharam Das Hastinapur (Delhi) Farmer Nanded
Muhkam Chand Dwarka (Gujrat) Tailor Chamkaur
Sahib Chand Bidar (Karnatka) Barber Chamkaur
Himmat Rai Jagannath Puri (Orrissa) Water carrier Chamkaur

Five K – Kachera, Kara, Kirpan, Kanga and Kesh

Battles of Guru Gobind Singh Ji

Battle of Bhangani (1688)
Guru Ji Vs Raja Bhim Chand and other Hill Chief
Victory – Guru Ji
Result – Bhim Chand and other Rajput become friends of Guru Ji

Battle of Nadaun (1690)
Guru Ji + Bhimchand + other Hill Chief Vs Alif Khan
Result – Alif Khan was defeated

1st Battle of Anandpur (1701)
Guru Ji Vs Raja Bhimchand and other Hill Chief
Victory – Guru Ji

Battle of Nirmohu (1702)
Guru Ji Vs Raja Bhimchand + Mughal Force
Victory – Guru JI

Battle of Basoli (1702)
Guru Ji Vs Raja Bhimchand
Victory – Guru Ji
Result – Sikh attacked territory of Raja and captured kalmot

2nd Battle Anandpur
Guru Ji Vs Hill Chief + Mughal Force under Wazir Khann
Result – Guru and His Sikhs had to leave fort and Zorawar & Fateh Singh were bricked alive

Battle of Chamkor
Guru Ji Vs Mughal Force
Result – 35 Sikhs including two sons Ajit & Jhujar Singh died fighting heroically

Battle of khidrana
Guru Ji vs Mughal Force
Result – Sikhs defeated the Mughals but 40 of them (Chali Mukte) dies fighting


Baba Banda Singh Bahadur
Original Name – Lachman Dev (From – Razori Jammu)
Popular Name – Madho Singh
Another Name- Banda Bairagi
Guru Gobind Singh Gave Name – Banda Singh Bahadur
Battle of Chhapar Chiri – Banda Bahadur Singh Ji Vs Wazir Khan
* Defeated Wazir Khan
Execution By – Farrukh Siyar
*Banda Singh developed the village of Mukhlisgarh, and made it his capital, then renamed the city it to Lohgarh

Maharaja Ranjit Singh
Place of Birth – Gajranwala Town(Pakistan)
Son of – Maha Singh / Mai Raj kaur(D/o Raja Gajapati-Jind )
Mother-in-law – Sada Kaur (Encourage Ranjit Singh)
1st King of Sikh Empire
Title of Maharaja – 12 April 1801
Treaty of Amritsar – 1809
Treaty Sign B/w – Metcalfe & Ranjit Singh
*Maharaja Ranjit Singh defeated Zaman Shah Durrani in the Battle of Amritsar (1797), Battle of Gujrat (1797) and Battle of Amritsar (1798)

List Of Misls – 12 

Name of Misl Related To
Ahluwalia Jassa Singh Ahluwalia
Bhangi Chajja Singh / Hari Singh
Dhallewalia Gulab Singh
Sukerchakia Chatar Singh
Shaheed Baba Deep Singh
Ramghariha Nand Singh/ Jassa Singh Ramghariha
Nishanwalia Dasundha Singh
Phoolkia Chaudhari Paul
Faizalapuria Nawab Kapur Singh
Kanhaya Jai Singh Kanhaya
Karora Karora Singh
Nakkai Hira Singh

Ancient Names of the River
Satluj – Satlutri
Beas – Vipash
Ravi – Parushtani
Chenab – Asikni
Jhelum – Vitasta
Indus – Sindhu
Saraswati – Sarusti

Social Reform Movements in Punjab

Nirankari movement:-
Originated – Rawalpandi
Founded by – Baba Dyal Singh.
Successor – Darbar Singh

Namdhari Movement:- 
Another Name – Kuka Movement
Founded by – Balak Singh
Successor – Ram Singh

Radhasoami movement: 
Started from – Agra
Founded by – Shiv Dayal Singh (also called “Soami ji Maharaj”)

Singh Sabha Movement: (Against Christans Missionaries )
The first modern movement.

Struggle for Freedom

Kamagata Maru:  (1914)
Head – By Gurdit Singh (Sikh businessman of Singapore)
Komagata was ship name to carry 376 Indians, all Punjabis to Canada. The Ship embarked from Hong Kong before arriving in Canada.

Ghadar movement: 
Ghadar is name of weekly news papaer (Pulish In Hindi, Punjabi, Marathi, Urdu)
Chief Editor – Lala Hardiyal
Leader of Ghardar Movement – Sohan Singh Bhakna, Lala Hardiyal, Kartar Singh Shraba
Start in – San Francisco (America)

Jallianwala Bagh Massacre:- 13 April, 1919
Involved the killing of hundreds of unarmed
Shooting was ordered by – General O Dyer
*Shaheed Udham Singh: Shaheed Udham Singh is known for his assassination of Sir Michael O’Dwyer in March 1940 what has been described as a revenge of the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre.
*Ravinder Nath Tagor return Knighthood Title
*Jalliwala Bagh Made be Ranjit Singh

Gurudwara Reform Movement: 1920-25
Gurudwara Reform  Movement marked the struggle of the Sikhs to wrest control of their places of worship from the mahants (priests) into whose hands they had passed during the 18th century when the Sikhs were driven away from their homes to seek safety in remote hills and deserts.

Shiromani Gurdwara Prabhandak Committee
The inaugural meeting of the SGPC – Akal Takht Amritsar on 12 December 1920.
It appointed a subcommittee to draft the Committee`s constitution.
President – Sardar Sundar Singh Majithia
Vice-President – Harbans Singh
Secretary – Sundar Singh Ramgarhia
New elections under the constitution were held in July 1921
Elected President – Baba Kharak Singh
Elected Vice-President – Captain Ram Singh
Elected Secretary – Sardar Bahadur. Mehtab Singh
In 1922 – Sikh Gurdwaras and Shrines Act, 1922
Sikh Gurdwaras Act, 1925 passed by the provincial legislative assembly on 9 July 1925 and implemented with effect from 1 November 1925
Movement Related with SGPC –
– Guru Ka Bagh Morcha (Ghukkevali village, District Amritsar)
– Jaito Morcha
– Shaheed Bhagat Singh ‘Khatkar Kalan’ in present SBS Nagar (Nawanshehr)
– Shaheed Sukhdev
– Shaheed Rajguru in Maharastra


Punjab After 1947
Patiala and East Punjab States Union (PEPSU) was a state of India between 1948 and 1956
PEPSU was union of eight princely states:
Patiala, Jind, Nabha, Kapurthala, Faridkot, Kalsia, Malerkotla and Nalagarh
PEPSU made in 15 july 1948
Raj Parmukh of PEPSU – Maharaja Yadvinder Singh
First CM of PEPSU – Gian Singh Rarewala
PEPSU Capital – Patiala
PEPSU Vdhan Shaba Memeber – 60

Note – In 1 Nov 1956 PEPSU Merge in Punjab and New state created Himachal Pardesh

Formation of Present Punjab
Master Dara Singh Pointed Demand of Present Punjab
Punjab Boundary Commission 1966 (Reorganization of Punjab): An Act to provide for the reorganisation of the existing State of Punjab and for matters connected therewith
Head of Commission – Fazal Ali

Share.

26 Comments

  1. sir this is a good website which helps the students and on this site you should also arrange previous years question papers of pstet 2012 ,2013,2014 for help of the students

  2. SIR PLEASE ARRANGE THE PREVIOUS 2012 ,2013 AND 2014 YEAR PSTET QUESTION PAPERS WITH ANSWER KEYS COZ PSTET 2015 IS ON 13/12/2015 WHICH IS NOT FAR

  3. sukhwinder singh on

    sir jo v tussi arrange kar rahe ho jabardast hai Thank you.
    But je tusi pdf ch arrange krado ta thoda boht boht Dhanwaad hou ji.

  4. manjinder singh on

    guru nanak dev ji nd guru arjun dev ji never wrote sodar nd barahama patti nd barahama books ,its wrong knowledge which u provide.correct it

Leave A Reply